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Estimation of background carrier concentration in fully depleted GaN films

TitleEstimation of background carrier concentration in fully depleted GaN films
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsChandrasekar, H, Singh, M, Raghavan, S, Bhat, N
JournalSemiconductor Science and Technology

Buffer leakage is an important parasitic loss mechanism in AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) and hence various methods are employed to grow semi-insulating buffer layers. Quantification of carrier concentration in such buffers using conventional capacitance based profiling techniques is challenging due to their fully depleted nature even at zero bias voltages. We provide a simple and effective model to extract carrier concentrations in fully depleted GaN films using capacitance–voltage (CV) measurements. Extensive mercury probe CV profiling has been performed on GaN films of differing thicknesses and doping levels in order to validate this model. Carrier concentrations as extracted from both the conventional CV technique for partially depleted films having the same doping concentration, and Hall measurements show excellent agreement with those predicted by the proposed model thus establishing the utility of this technique. This model can be readily extended to estimate background carrier concentrations from the depletion region capacitances of HEMT structures and fully depleted films of any class of semiconductor materials.