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Exploding and Imaging of Electron Bubbles in Liquid Helium

TitleExploding and Imaging of Electron Bubbles in Liquid Helium
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsYadav, N, Vadakkumbatt, V, Maris, HJ, Ghosh, A
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
KeywordsCavitation 1, Single electron bubbles 2, Superfluid helium 3

An electron bubble in liquid helium-4 under the saturated vapor pressure becomes unstable and explodes if the pressure becomes more negative than −1.9 bars. In this paper, we use focused ultrasound to explode electron bubbles. We then image at 30,000 frames per second the growth and subsequent collapse of the bubbles. We find that bubbles can grow to as large as 1 mm in diameter within 2 ms after the cavitation event. We examine the relation between the maximum size of the bubble and the lifetime and find good agreement with the experimental results.