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Non-invasive human breath sensor

TitleNon-invasive human breath sensor
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsRoopa, G, Rajanna, K, Nayak, MM
Conference NameSensors, 2011 IEEE
Date PublishedOct
KeywordsBiosensors, breathing pattern, bronchial asthma, Copper, Electrodes, Humans, Materials, noninvasive human breath sensor, optimization, piezoelectric type sensing element, Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), polyvinylidene fluoride film, recorded breathing pattern, Respiration rate, respiratory disorders, Sensors, Structural beams, water manometer

In this paper, the design and development of a novel low-cost, non-invasive type sensor suitable for human breath sensing is reported. It can be used to detect respiratory disorders like bronchial asthma by analyzing the recorded breathing pattern. Though there are devices like spirometer to diagnose asthma, they are very inconvenient for patient's use because patients are made to exhale air through mouth forcefully. Presently developed sensor will overcome this limitation and is helpful in the diagnosis of respiratory related abnormalities. Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) film in cantilever configuration is used as a sensing element to form the breath sensor. Two identical sensors are mounted on a spectacle frame, such that the tidal flow of inhaled and exhale air will impinge on sensor, for sensing the breathing patterns. These patterns are recorded, filtered, analyzed and displayed using CRO. Further the sensor is calibrated using a U-tube water manometer. The added advantage of piezoelectric type sensing element is that it is self powered without the need of any external power source.