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Photoresist functionalisation method for high-density protein microarrays using photolithography

TitlePhotoresist functionalisation method for high-density protein microarrays using photolithography
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsGoudar, VS, Suran, S, Varma, MM
JournalIET Micro Nano Letters
Date PublishedJune
Keywords3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, antibody-antigen recognition, biocompatible photoresists, biological techniques, biomaterials, diazo-naphthoquinone-novolac-positive tone photoresist, high-density protein microarrays, highly multiplexed immunosensors, molecular biophysics, patterned biomolecules, photolithography, photoresist functionalisation, photoresists, protein-DNA interaction, protein-drug interaction, protein-protein interaction, proteins

Since the last decade, there is a growing need for patterned biomolecules for various applications ranging from diagnostic devices to enabling fundamental biological studies with high throughput. Protein arrays facilitate the study of protein-protein, protein-drug or protein-DNA interactions as well as highly multiplexed immunosensors based on antibody-antigen recognition. Protein microarrays are typically fabricated using piezoelectric inkjet printing with resolution limit of -70-100–m limiting the array density. A considerable amount of research has been done on patterning biomolecules using customised biocompatible photoresists. Here, a simple photolithographic process for fabricating protein microarrays on a commercially available diazo-naphthoquinone-novolac-positive tone photoresist functionalised with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane is presented. The authors demonstrate that proteins immobilised using this procedure retain their activity and therefore form functional microarrays with the array density limited only by the resolution of lithography, which is more than an order of magnitude compared with inkjet printing. The process described here may be useful in the integration of conventional semiconductor manufacturing processes with biomaterials relevant for the creation of next-generation bio-chips.