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Sandwiched hybrid waveguide platform for integrated photonics application

TitleSandwiched hybrid waveguide platform for integrated photonics application
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsDash, RK, Selvaraja, SKumar
JournalOptics Communications
KeywordsOptical waveguide Grating couplers Ring resonators Amorphous materials

We propose and demonstrate a hybrid waveguide platform using layered amorphous silicon and silicon nitride. The waveguide offers more degrees of freedom to design waveguides with desired confinement, effective index and polarization birefringence. Unlike single core material, the proposed waveguide offers design flexibility, and light confinement in the layers is polarization-dependent. We present a detailed waveguide design and analysis of efficient fiber-chip grating couplers with a coupling efficiency of −3.27 dB and −8 dB for TE and TM polarization, respectively. The couplers offer a 3 dB bandwidth of 100 nm. Furthermore, we demonstrate excitation of TE and TM modes exploiting the polarization-dependent confinement using thermo-optic characteristics of a ring resonator.