Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website. | +91-80-2293 3276/ +91-80-2293 3291 | Sitemap

Super-Nernstian ion sensitive field-effect transistor exploiting charge screening in WSe2/MoS2 heterostructure

TitleSuper-Nernstian ion sensitive field-effect transistor exploiting charge screening in WSe2/MoS2 heterostructure
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsSanjay, S, Hossain, M, Rao, A, Bhat, N
Journalnpj 2D Materials and Applications

on-sensitive field-effect transistors (ISFETs) have gained a lot of attention in recent times as compact, low-cost biosensors with fast response time and label-free detection. Dual gate ISFETs have been shown to enhance detection sensitivity beyond the Nernst limit of 59 mV pH−1 when the back gate dielectric is much thicker than the top dielectric. However, the thicker back-dielectric limits its application for ultrascaled point-of-care devices. In this work, we introduce and demonstrate a pH sensor, with WSe2(top)/MoS2(bottom) heterostructure based double gated ISFET. The proposed device is capable of surpassing the Nernst detection limit and uses thin high-k hafnium oxide as the gate oxide. The 2D atomic layered structure, combined with nanometer-thick top and bottom oxides, offers excellent scalability and linear response with a maximum sensitivity of 362 mV pH−1. We have also used technology computer-aided (TCAD) simulations to elucidate the underlying physics, namely back gate electric field screening through channel and interface charges due to the heterointerface. The proposed mechanism is independent of the dielectric thickness that makes miniaturization of these devices easier. We also demonstrate super-Nernstian behavior with the flipped MoS2(top)/WSe2(bottom) heterostructure ISFET. The results open up a new pathway of 2D heterostructure engineering as an excellent option for enhancing ISFET sensitivity beyond the Nernst limit, for the next-generation of label-free biosensors for single-molecular detection and point-of-care diagnostics.