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Thin Film PZT-Based PMUT Arrays for Deterministic Particle Manipulation

TitleThin Film PZT-Based PMUT Arrays for Deterministic Particle Manipulation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsCheng, CY, Dangi, A, Ren, L, Tiwari, S, Benoit, RR, Qiu, Y, Lay, HS, Agrawal, S, Pratap, R, Kothapalli, S-R, ,
JournalIEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control
KeywordsAcoustics, Bandwidth, Electrodes, Fabrication, Resonant frequency, Transducers, Ultrasonic transducers

Lead zirconate titanate (PZT)-based piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducers (PMUTs) for particle manipulation applications were designed, fabricated, characterized, and tested. The PMUTs had a diaphragm diameter of 60 μm, a resonant frequency of ~8 MHz, and an operational bandwidth (BW) of 62.5%. Acoustic pressure output in water was 9.5 kPa at 7.5 mm distance from a PMUT element excited with a unipolar waveform at 5 V pp. The element consisted of 20 diaphragms connected electrically in parallel. Particle trapping of 4 μm silica beads was shown to be possible with 5 V pp unipolar excitation. Trapping of multiple beads by a single element and deterministic control of particles via acoustophoresis without the assistance of microfluidic flow were demonstrated. It was found that the particles move toward diaphragm areas of highest pressure, in agreement with literature and simulations. Unique bead patterns were generated at different driving frequencies and were formed at frequencies up to 60 MHz, much higher than the operational BW. Levitation planes were generated above the 30 MHz driving frequency.